Publications

Invited Refereed Review Articles

  1. Boyd, R.D., C.E. Zier-Rush, A.J. Moeser, M. Culbertson, K.R. Stewart, D.S. Rosero and J.F. Patience. Invited Review: Innovation through research in the North American pork industry. Animal doi:10.1017/S1751731119001915. Link
  2. Patience, J.F. and J.R. Pluske. 2019. Evolving technological change in pork production supporting expectations of improved productivity, sustainability and flexibility. Animal 13:2948-2950; doi:org/10.1017/S1751731119002027. Link
  3. Huntley, N.F. and J.F. Patience. 2018. Xylose: Absorption, fermentation and post-absorptive metabolism in the pig. J. Anim. Sci. Biotech. 9:1-9; doi: 10.1186/s40104-017-0226-9. Link
  4. Li, Q. and J.F. Patience. 2017.  Factors involved in the regulation of feed and energy intake of pigs.  Anim. Feed Sci. Tech. 233:22-33; dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2016.01.001. Link
  5. Dugan, M.E.R., P. Vahmani, T.D. Turner, C. Mapiye, M. Juarez, N. Prieto, A.D. Beaulieu, R.T. Zijlstra, J.F. Patience and J.L. Aalhus. 2015.  Pork as a source of omega-3 (n-3) fatty acids. J. Clinical Medicine 4:1999-2011; doi:10.3390/jcm4121956.
  6. Patience, J.F., M.C. Rossoni Serao and N.A. Gutierrez. 2015.  A review of feed efficiency in swine: Biology and application. J. Anim. Sci. Biotech. 6:33-42. doi:10.1186/s40104-015-0031-2. Link
  7. Patience, J.F. 2012.  The importance of water in pork production.  Anim. Frontiers 2(2):28-35. doi.org/10.2527/af.2012-0037. Link
  8. Nyachoti, C.M., R.T. Zijlstra, C.F.M. de Lange and J.F. Patience. 2004.  Voluntary feed intake in swine: A review of the main determining factors and potential approaches for accurate predictions.  Can. J. Anim. Sci. 84:549-566. doi.org/10.4141/A04-001.
  9. Patience, J.F.  1996.  Precision in swine diet formulation – an integrated approach.  Anim. Feed Sci. Tech. 59:137-145. doi.org/10.1016/0377-8401(95)00894-2.
  10. Patience, J.F. 1996.  Meeting the energy and protein requirements of the high producing sow.  Anim. Feed Sci. Tech. 58:49-64. doi.org/10.1016/0377-8401(95)00873-X.
  11. Patience, J.F. and C.F.M. de Lange. 1996.  Swine nutrition in the 21st century.  Anim. Feed Sci. Tech.  58: 19-27. doi.org/10.1016/0377-8401(95)00870-5.
  12. Patience, J.F. 1990.  A review of the role of acid-base balance in amino acid metabolism.  J. Anim. Sci. 68:398-408. doi.org/10.2527/1990.682398x.
  13. Austic, R.E. and J.F. Patience. 1988.  Undetermined anion in poultry diets:  influence on acid-base balance, metabolism and physiological performance.  CRC Crit. Rev. Poultry Biol. 1:315-345.

 

Refereed Journal Articles

  1. Helm, E.T., J.F. Patience, M.T. Romoser, C.D. Johnson, J.W. Ross, and N.K. Gabler. 2021. Evaluation of increased fiber, decreased amino acids, or decreased electrolyte balance as dietary approaches to slow finishing pig growth rates. J. Anim. Sci. (accepted) Link
  2. Mayorga, E.J., E.A. Horst, M. Al-Qaisi, B.M. Goetz, M.A. Abeyta, S. Lei, J.A. Acosta, J.F. Patience, M.C. Rossini-Serao and L.H. Baumgard. Effects of continuously infusing glucose or casein at the terminal ileum on biomarkers of metabolism, inflammation, and intestinal morphology in growing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. (accepted).
  3. Petry, A.L., N.F. Huntley, M.R. Bedford and J.F. Patience. 2021. The influence of xylanase on the fermentability, digestibility, and physiochemical properties of insoluble corn-based fiber along the gastrointestinal tract of growing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. doi.10.1093/jas/skab159. Link
  4. Acosta, J.A. N.V.L. Serao, R.D. Boyd and J.F. Patience. 2021. Estimation of endogenous intestinal losses of ether extract in pigs fed complete diets ad libitum using the linear regression method. Transl. Anim. Sci. doi.10.1093/tas/txa080.
  5. Weiland, S.A. and J.F. Patience. 2021. Effect of xylanase supplementation on nutrient and energy digestibility at three time periods in growing pigs fed diets based on corn or corn distillers dried grains with solubles. Anim. Feed Sci. Tech. 276:114929. doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2021.114929. Link
  6. Petry, A.L., J.F. Patience, N.F. Huntley, L. Koester, M.R. Bedford and S. Schmitz-Esser. 2021. Xylanase supplementation modulates the microbiota of the large intestine of pigs fed corn-based fiber by means of a stimbiotic mechanism of action. Front. Microbiol. 12:619970. doi:org/10.3389/fmicb.2021.619970. Link
  7. Petry, A.M., J.F. Patience, L. Koester, N.F. Huntley, M.R. Bedford and S. Schmitz-Esser. 2021. Xylanase modulates the microbiota of ileal mucosa and digesta of pigs fed corn-based arabinoxylans likely through both a stimbiotic and prebiotic mechanism. PloS One 16:e0246144. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0246144. Link
  8. Olsen, K., S.A. Gould and J.F. Patience. 2021. A comparison of the release of phosphorus by a phytase enzyme in pigs fed diets deficient or adequate in phosphorus content. J. Anim. Sci. 99:skab001. doi:10.1093/jas/skab001. Link
  9. Helm, E.T., J.W. Ross, J.F. Patience, S.M. Lonergan, E. Huff-Lonergan, L.L. Greiner, L.M. Reaver, C.W. Hastad, K.J. Prusa, C.W. Hastad, E.K. Arkfeld and N.K. Gabler. 2021. Nutritional approaches to slow late finishing pig growth: implications on carcass composition and pork quality. J. Anim. Sci. 99:skaa368. doi:10.1093/jas/skaa368. Link
  10. Petry, A.L., S.A. Gould and J.F. Patience. 2020. A procedure for dual simple-T cannulation in the small intestine of pigs using a single right flank laparotomy. J. Appl. Anim. Nutr. 8:135-141. doi:10.3920/JAAN2020.0008. Link
  11. Becker, S., S.A. Gould, A.L. Petry, L.M. Kellesvig and J.F. Patience. 2020. Adverse effects on growth performance and bone development in nursery pigs fed diets marginally deficient in phosphorus with increasing calcium to available phosphorus ratios. J. Anim. Sci 98:skaa325. doi:10.1093/jas/skaa325. Link
  12. Petry, A.L. and J.F. Patience. 2020. Xylanase supplementation in corn-based swine diets: a review with emphasis on potential mechanisms of action. J. Anim. Sci. 98:skaa318. doi:10.1093/jas/skaa318. Link
  13. Acosta, J.A., A. Petry, S.A. Gould, C.K. Jones, C.R. Stark, A. Fahrenholz and J.F. Patience. 2020. Can the digestibility of corn distillers dried grains with solubles fed to pigs at two stages of growth be enhanced through management of particle size using a hammermill or a roller mill? Transl. Anim. Sci.4:txaa171. doi:10.1093/tas/txaa171. Link
  14. Ruckman, L.A., A.L., Petry, S.A. Gould, B.J. Kerr and J.F. Patience. 2020. The effects of enzymatically-treated soybean meal on growth performance and intestinal structure, barrier integrity, inflammation, oxidative status, and volatile fatty acid production of nursery pigs. Transl. Anim. Sci. 4:txaa170. doi:org/10.1093/tas/txaa170. Link
  15. Petry, A.L., N.F. Huntley, M.R. Bedford, and J.F. Patience. 2020. Xylanase increased the energetic contribution of fiber and improved the oxidative status, gut barrier integrity, and growth performance of growing pigs fed insoluble corn-based fiber. J. Anim. Sci. 98:skaa233. doi:10.1093/jas/skaa233. Link
  16. Ruckman, L.A., A.L. Petry, S.A. Gould and J.F. Patience. 2020. The impact of porcine spray-dried plasma protein and dried egg protein harvested from hyper-immunized hens, provided in the presence or absence of subtherapeutic levels of antibiotics in the feed, on growth and indicators of intestinal function and physiology of nursery pigs. Transl. Anim. Sci. 4:txaa095. doi.org/10.1093/tas/txaa095. Link
  17. Acosta, J.A., H.H. Stein and J.F. Patience. 2020. Impact of increasing the levels of insoluble fiber and on the method of diet formulation measures of energy and nutrient digestibility in growing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 98:skaa130. doi:10.1093/jas/skaa130. Link
  18. Acosta, J.A., A. Petry, S.A. Gould, C.K. Jones, C.R. Stark, A. Fahrenholz and J.F. Patience. 2020. Effects of grinding method and particle size of wheat grain on energy and nutrient digestibility in growing and finishing pigs. Transl. Anim. Sci. 4:682-693; doi:org/10.1093/tas/txaa062. Link
  19. Li. Q.Y., X. Peng, E.R. Burrough, O. Sahin, S.A. Gould, N.K. Gabler, C.L. Loving, K.S. Dorman and J.F. Patience. 2020. Dietary soluble or insoluble fiber with or without enzymes altered the intestinal microbiota in weaned pigs challenged with Enterotoxigenic E. coli F18. Front. Microbiol. 11:1110; doi:10.3389/fmicb.2020.01110. Link
  20. Acosta, J.A. N.K. Gabler and J.F. Patience. 2020. The effect of lactose and a prototype Lactobacillus acidophilus fermentation product on digestibility, nitrogen balance and intestinal function of weaned pigs. Transl. Anim. Sci. 4:641-654; doi:org/10.1093/tas/txaa045. Link
  21. Becker, S., Q.Y. Li, E.R. Burrough, D. Kenne, O. Sahin, S.A. Gould and J.F. Patience. 2020. Effects of an F18 enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli challenge on growth performance, immunological status and gastrointestinal structure of weaned pigs and the potential protective effect of direct-fed microbial blends. J. Anim. Sci. 98(5) doi:org/10.1093/jas/skaa113. Link
  22. Huntley, N.F., S.A. Gould and J.F. Patience. 2019. Evaluation of the effect of beta-mannanase supplementation and mannans on nursery pig growth performance and serum acute phase protein concentrations. Can. J. Anim. Sci. doi.10.1139/CJAS-2018-0248. Link
  23. Acosta, J.A., A. Petry, S.A. Gould, C.K. Jones, C.R. Stark, A. Fahrenholz and J.F. Patience. 2019. Enhancing digestibility of corn fed to pigs at two stages of growth through management of particle size using a hammermill or a roller mill. Transl. Anim. Sci. doi.org/10.1093/tas/txz146. Link
  24. Li, Q., S.A. Gould, J.K.K. Htoo, C. Gonzales-Vega and J.F. Patience. 2019. Bioavailability of L-Lys sulfate relative to L-Lys HCl for growing-finishing pigs. Transl. Anim. Sci. doi: 10.1093/tas/txz094. Link
  25. Acosta, J.A. and J.F. Patience. 2019. Insoluble dietary fiber does not affect the ability of phytase to release phosphorus from phytate in the diet of nursery pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 97:3451–3459; doi 10.1093/jas/skz194. Link
  26. Petry, A.L., H.V. Masey O’Neill and J.F. Patience. 2019. Rapid Communication: Xylanase, and the role of digestibility and hindgut fermentation on energetic differences among high and low energy corn samples. J. Anim. Sci. 97:4293-4397; doi.org/10.1093/jas/skz261. Link
  27. Hines, E.A., M.R. Romoser, Z.E. Kiefer, A.F. Keating, L.H. Baumgard, J. Niemi, N.K. Gabler, J.F. Patience, B. Haberl, N.H. Williams, B.J. Kerr, K.J. Touchette and J.W. Ross. 2019. The impact of dietary supplementation of arginine during gestation in a commercial swine herd: I. Gilt reproductive performance. J. Anim. Sci. 97:3617-25; doi.org/10.1093/jas/skz233. Link
  28. Li. Q.Y., E.R. Burrough, N.K. Gabler, C.L. Loving, O. Sahin, S.A. Gould and J.F. Patience. 2019. A soluble and highly fermentable dietary fiber with carbohydrases improved gut barrier integrity markers and growth performance in ETEC challenged pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 97:2139-2153; doi 10.1093/jas/skz093. Link
  29. Holloway, C.L., R.D. Boyd, D. Koehler, S.A. Gould, Q.Y. Li and J.F. Patience. 2019. The impact of “super-dosing” phytase in pig diets on growth performance during the nursery and grow-out periods.  Trans. Anim. Sci. 3:419-428; doi 10.1093/tas/txy148. Link
  30. Olsen, K.M, S.A. Gould, C.L. Walk, N.V.L. Serao, S.L. Hansen and J.F. Patience. 2019. Evaluating phosphorus release by phytase in diets fed to growing pigs that are not deficient in phosphorus. J. Anim. Sci. 97:327-337; doi.org/10.1093/jas/sky402. Link
  31. Schweer, W.P., E.R. Burrough, J.F. Patience, B.J. Kerr and N.K. Gabler. 2019. Impact of Brachyspira Hyodysenteriae on intestinal amino acid digestibility and endogenous amino acid losses in pigs. J. Anim. Sci 97:257-268; doi.org/10.1093/jas/sky393. Link
  32. Li, Q.Y., S. Schmitz-Esser, C.L. Loving, N.K. Gabler, S.A. Gould and J.F. Patience. 2019. Exogenous carbohydrases added to a starter diet reduced markers of systemic immune activation and decreased Lactobacillus in weaned pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 97:1242-1253; doi.org/10.1093/jas/sky481. Link
  33. Li, Q.Y., N.K. Gabler, C.L. Loving, S.A. Gould and J.F. Patience. 2018. A dietary carbohydrase blend improved intestinal barrier function and growth rate in nursery pigs fed higher fiber diets. J. Anim. Sci. 96:5233-5243; doi.org/10.1093/jas/sky383. Link
  34. Huntley, N.F. and J.F. Patience. 2018.  Xylose metabolism in the pig. PLoS ONE 13(10):e0205913; doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0205913. Link
  35. Olsen, K.M, N.K. Gabler, C.J. Rademacher, K.J. Schwartz, W.P. Schweer, G.G. Gourley and J.F. Patience. 2018.  The effects of group size and sub-therapeutic antibiotic alternatives on growth performance and morbidity of nursery pigs: a model for feed additive evaluation. Transl. Anim. Sci 2:298-310; doi: 10.1093/tas/txy068. Link
  36. Schweer, W.P., J.F. Patience, E.R. Burrough, B.J. Kerr and N.K. Gabler. 2018.  Impact of PRRSV infection and dietary soybean meal inclusion on ileal amino acid digestibility and endogenous amino acid losses in growing pigs. J. Anim. Sci 96:1846-1859l; doi: 10.1093/jas/sky093. Link
  37. Huntley, N.F., C.M. Nyachoti and J.F. Patience. 2018.  Lipopolysaccharide immune stimulation but not β-mannanase supplementation affects maintenance energy requirements in young weaned pigs. J. Anim. Sci. Biotech. 9:901-916.; doi:org/10.1186/s40104-018-0264-y. Link
  38. Mauch, E.B., J.M. Young, N.V.L. Serao, W.L. Hsu, J.F. Patience, B.J. Kerr, T.E. Weber, N.K. Gabler and J.C.M. Dekkers. 2018.  Effect of lower-energy, higher-fiber diets on pigs divergently selected for residual feed intake when fed higher-energy, lower-fiber diets. J. Anim. Sci 96:1221-1236; doi: 10.1093/jas/sky065. Link
  39. Patience, J.F. and M.Z. Fan. 2018. Cornelis (Kees) Franciscus Maria de Lange (1961-2016): A Brief Biography. J. Anim. Sci. 96:2012-2015; doi: 10.1093/jas/skx026. Link
  40. Seibert, J.T., M. Abuajamieh, M.V. Sanz Fernandez, J.S. Johnson, S.K. Kvidera, E. A. Horst, E. J. Mayorga, S. Lei, J.F. Patience, J.W. Ross, R.P. Rhoads, R.C. Johnson, S.M. Lonergan, J.W. Perfield II and L.H. Baumgard. 2018.  Effects of heat stress and insulin sensitizers on pig adipose tissue. Anim. Sci. 96:510-520; doi: 10.1093/jas/skx067 Link
  41. Cornelison, A.S., L.A Karriker, N.H Williams, B.J. Haberl, K.J. Stalder, L.L. Schulz and J.F. Patience. 2018. Impact of health challenges on pig growth performance, carcass characteristics and net returns under commercial conditions. Transl. Anim. Sci.2:50-61; doi: 10.1093/tas/txx005. Link
  42. Schweer, W., K. Schwartz, J.F. Patience, L. Karriker, C. Sparks, M. Weaver, M. Fitzsimmons, T.E. Burkey and N.K. Gabler. 2017. Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome virus reduces feed efficiency, digestibility and lean tissue accretion in grow-finish pigs. Transl. Anim. Sci. 1:480-488; doi:10.2527/tas2017.0054. Link
  43. Rauw, W.M., E.J. Mayorga, S.M. Lei, J.C.M. Dekkers, J.F. Patience, N.K. Gabler, S.M. Lonergan and L.H. Baumgard. 2017.  Effects of diet and genetics on growth performance of pigs in response to repeated exposure to heat stress. Frontiers in Genetics 8:155; doi: 10.3389/fgene.2017.00155. Link
  44. Kellner, T.A. and J.F. Patience. 2017.  The digestible energy, metabolizable energy, and net energy content of dietary fat sources in thirteen and fifty-kilogram pigs. J. Anim. Sci 95:3984-3995; doi:10.2527/jas2017.1824. Link
  45. Kellner, T.A., N.K. Gabler and J.F. Patience. 2017.  The composition of dietary fat alters the transcriptional profile of pathways associated with lipid metabolism in the liver and adipose tissue in the pig. J. Anim. Sci. 95:3609-3619; doi:10.2527/jas2017.1658. Link
  46. Jacobs, B.M., J.F. Patience, M.D. Lindemann, K.J. Stalder and B.J. Kerr. 2017.  Disappearance and appearance of an indigestible marker in feces from growing pigs as affected by pre- and post-diet composition. J. Anim. Sci. Biotech. 8:32-41; doi: 10.1186/s40104-017-0161-9. Link
  47. Acosta, J., N.V.L. Serao, R.D. Boyd and J.F. Patience. 2017. Digestion and nitrogen balance using swine diets containing increasing proportions of coproduct ingredients and formulated using the net energy system. J. Anim. Sci 95:1243-1252; doi:10.2527/jas2016.1161. Link
  48. Elsbernd, A.J., C.F.M. De Lange, K.J. Stalder, L.A. Karriker and J.F. Patience. 2017.  SID lysine requirement of immunologically and physically castrated male pigs during three growth phases. J. Anim. Sci. 95:1253-1263; doi: 10.257/jas.2016.0544. Link
  49. Kellner, T.A., L.H. Baumgard, K.J. Prusa, N.K. Gabler and J.F. Patience. 2016. Does heat stress alter the pig’s response to dietary fat? J. Anim. Sci. 94:4688-4703; doi: 10.2527/jas.2016-0756. Link
  50. Kellner, T.A., G.G. Gourley, S. Wisdom and J.F. Patience. 2016.  Prediction of porcine carcass iodine value based on diet composition and fatty acid intake.  J. Anim. Sci. 94:5248-5261; doi: 10.2527/jas.2016-0643. Link
  51. Young, J.M., R. Bergsma, E.F. Knol, J.F. Patience, J.C.M. Dekkers. 2016.  Effect of selection for residual feed intake during the grow/finish phase of production on sow reproductive performance and lactation efficiency. J. Anim. Sci. 94:4120-4132; doi:10.2527/jas.2015-0130. Link
  52. Newman, M.A., C.R. Hurburgh and J.F. Patience. 2016. Defining the physical properties of corn grown under drought-stressed conditions and the associated energy and nutrient content for swine. J. Anim. Sci. 94: 7: 2843-2850; doi:10.2527/jas.2015-0158. Link
  53. Acosta, J., J.F. Patience and R.D. Boyd. 2016. Comparison of growth and efficiency of dietary energy utilization by growing pigs offered feeding programs based on the metabolizable energy or the net energy system. J. Anim. Sci 94:1520-1530; doi:10.2527/jas.2015-9321. Link
  54. Gutierrez, N.A., N.V.L. Serao and J.F. Patience. 2016.  Effects of distillers’ dried grains with solubles and soybean oil on dietary lipid, fiber, and amino acid digestibility in corn-based diets fed to growing pigs.  J. Anim. Sci 94:1508-1519; doi:10.2527/jas.2015-9529. Link
  55. Elsbernd, A., J.F. Patience and K. Prusa. 2016.  A comparison of the quality of fresh and frozen pork from immunologically castrated males versus gilts, physical castrates and entire males.  Meat Sci. 111:110-115; doi: 10.1016. Link
  56. Elsbernd, A.J., K.J. Stalder, L.A. Karricker and J.F. Patience. 2015.  Comparison among gilts, physical castrates, entire males and immunological castrates in terms of growth performance, nitrogen and phosphorus retention and carcass fat iodine value.  J. Anim. Sci.93:5702-5710. doi:10.2527/jas2015-9295. Link
  57. Burrough, E.R., B.L. Arruda, J.F. Patience and P.J. Plummer. 2015.  Alterations in the colonic microbiota of pigs associated with feeding distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS). PLOS ONE 10(11): e0141337. doi:10.1371/ journal.pone. 0141337. Link
  58. Gutierrez, N.A., N.V.L. Serao, A.J. Elsbernd, S. Hansen, C.L. Walk, M.R. Bedford and J.F. Patience. 2015.  Quantitative relationships between standardized total tract digestible phosphorus and calcium intake and its retention and excretion in growing pigs fed corn-soybean meal diets.  J. Anim. Sci 93:2174-2182. doi: 10.2527/jas.2014-8623. Link
  59. Pilcher, C.M., C.K. Jones, M. Schroyen, A.J. Severin, J.F. Patience, C.K. Tuggle and J.E. Koltes. 2015. Transcript profiles in longissimus dorsi muscle and subcutaneous adipose tissue: A comparison of pigs with different post-weaning growth rates.  J. Anim. Sci. 93:2134-2143. doi: 10.2527/jas.2014-8593. Link
  60. Arkfeld, E.K., J.M. Young, R.C. Johnson, C.A. Fedler, K. Prusa, J.F. Patience, J.C.M. Dekkers, N.K. Gabler, S.M. Lonergan and E. Huff-Lonergan. 2015. Composition and quality characteristics of carcasses from pigs divergently selected for residual feed intake on high or low energy diets. J. Anim. Sci 93:2530-2545. doi: 10.2527/jas.2014-8546. Link
  61. Weber, E.K., J.F. Patience and K.J. Stalder. 2015.  Wean-to-finish feeder space availability effects on nursery and finishing pig performance and total tract digestibility in a commercial setting when feeding dried distillers grains with solubles. J. Anim. Sci. 93:1905-1915; doi:10.2527/jas.2014-8136. Link
  62. Jones, C.K., E.L. Frantz, A.C. Bingham, J.R. Bergstrom, J.M. DeRouchey and J.F. Patience. 2015.  Effects of drought-affected corn and non-starch polysaccharide enzyme inclusion on nursery pig growth performance.  J. Anim. Sci. 93:1703-1709. doi: 10.2527/jas.2014-8309. Link
  63. Pilcher, C.M., R. Arentson and J.F. Patience. 2015. The interaction of fiber, supplied by distillers dried grains with solubles, with an antimicrobial and a nutrient partitioning agent on nitrogen balance, water utilization and energy digestibility in finishing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 93:1124-1132. Link
  64. Kellner, T.A., K.J. Prusa and J.F. Patience. 2015. The impact of dietary fat withdrawal on carcass iodine value, belly characteristics and changes in body fat over time.  J. Anim. Sci 93:247-257. doi: 10.2527/jas.2014-7650. Link
  65. Johnson, J.S., M.V. Sanz Fernandez, N.A. Gutierrez, J.F. Patience, J.W. Ross, N.K. Gabler, M.C. Lucy, T.J. Safranski, R.P. Rhoads and L.H. Baumgard. 2015.  Effects of in utero heat stress on postnatal body composition in pigs: I. Growing phase. J. Anim. Sci 93:71-81. doi: 10.2527/jas.2014-8354. Link
  66. Johnson, J.S., M.V. Sanz Fernandez, J.F. Patience, J.W. Ross, N.K. Gabler, M.C. Lucy, T.J. Safranski, R.P. Rhoads and L.H. Baumgard. 2015.  Effects of in utero heat stress on postnatal body composition in pigs: II. Finishing phase. J. Anim. Sci 93:82-92. doi: 10.2527/jas.2014-8355. Link
  67. Kellner, T.A., K.J. Prusa and J.F. Patience. 2015.  Impact of dietary fat source and concentration, and daily fatty acid intake, on the composition of carcass fat and iodine value sampled in three regions of the pork carcass outbreak. J. Anim. Sci. 92:5485-5495. doi: 10.2527/jas.2014-7567. Link
  68. Flohr J.R., M.D. Tokach, J.M. DeRouchey, R.D. Goodband, S.S. Dritz, J.L. Nelssen, and J.F. Patience. 2014.  Feed efficiency: An assessment of current knowledge from a voluntary subsample of the swine industry. J. Extension. 52:6. Link
  69. Wilberts, B.L., P.H. Arruda, J.M. Kinyon, T.S. Frana, C. Wang, D.R. Magstadt, D.M. Madson, J.F. Patience and E.R. Burrough. 2014.  Investigation of the impact of increased dietary insoluble fiber through the feeding of distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) on the incidence and severity of Brachyspira-associated colitis in pigs.  PLOS ONE 9(12): e114741.doi:10.1371/ journal.pone. 0114741. Link
  70. Gutierrez, N.A., N.V.L. Serao, B.J. Kerr, R.T. Zijlstra and J.F. Patience. 2014.  Relationships among dietary fiber components and the digestibility of energy, dietary fiber, and amino acids, and energy content of 9 corn co-products fed to growing pigs.  J. Anim. Sci. 92:4505-4517. doi: 10.2527/jas.2013-7265. Link
  71. Sanz Fernandez, M.V., S.C. Pearce, V. Mani, N.K. Gabler, L. Metzger, J.F. Patience, R.P. Rhoads and L.H. Baumgard. 2014.  Effects of dairy products on intestinal integrity in heat-stressed pigs.  Temperature 1:2:128-134. Link
  72. Jones, C.K., M.D. Tokach, J.L. Usry, C.R. Neill and J.F. Patience. 2014.  Evaluating lysine requirements of nursery pigs fed low protein diets with different sources of non-essential amino acids.  J. Anim. Sci. 92:3460-3470. Link
  73. Jones, C.K., D.M. Madson, R.G. Main, N.K. Gabler and J.F. Patience. 2014.  Poor weaning transition ADG in pigs is not correlated with pathological or immunological markers of enteric disease during a PRRSV outbreak. J. Anim. Sci. 92:2568-2577. Link
  74. Jones, C.K. and J.F. Patience. 2014.  Variation in nutrient and energy digestibility and energy intake are key contributors to differences in post-weaning growth performance. J. Anim. Sci. 92:2105-2115. Link
  75. Madson, D.M., S.M. Ensley, J.F. Patience, P.C. Gauger and R.G. Main. 2014. Diagnostic assessment and lesion evaluation of chronic deoxynivalenol (DON) intoxication in growing swine.  J. Swine Health Prod. 22(2):78-83. Link
  76. Sanz-Fernandez, M.V., S.C. Pearce, N.K. Gabler, J.F. Patience, M.E. Wilson, M.T. Socha, J.L. Torrison, R.P. Rhoads and L.H. Baumgard. 2014.  Effects of supplemental zinc amino acid complex on gut integrity in heat-stressed growing pigs.  Animal 8:43-50. Link
  77. Turner, T.D., C. Mapiye, J.L. Aalhus, A.D. Beaulieu, J.F. Patience, R.T. Zijlstra and M.E.R. Dugan. 2014.  Flaxseed fed pork: n-3 fatty acid enrichment and contribution to dietary recommendations.  Meat Sci. 96:541-547. Link
  78. Patience, J.F., A.J. Myers, S. Ensley, B.M. Jacobs and D. Madson. 2014.  Evaluation of two mycotoxin mitigation strategies in grow-finish diets containing corn distillers dried grains with solubles naturally contaminated with deoxynivalenol.  J. Anim. Sci. 92:620-626. Link
  79. Pilcher, C.M., R. Arentson and J.F. Patience. 2013.  Impact of tylosin phosphate and distillers dried grains with solubles on energy and nutrient digestibility and energy flow through the gastrointestinal tract in growing pigs. J. Anim. Sci.  91:5687-5695. Link
  80. Gutierrez, N., B.J. Kerr and J. F. Patience. 2013.  Effect of insoluble, low fermentable fiber from corn-ethanol distillation origin on energy, fiber and amino acid digestibility, hindgut degradability of fiber and growth performance of growing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 91:5314-5325. Link
  81. Pearce, S.C., V. Mani, T.E. Weber, R.P. Rhoads, J.F. Patience, L.H. Baumgard and N.K. Gabler. 2013.  Heat stress and reduced plane of nutrition decreases intestinal integrity and function in pigs.  J. Anim. Sci. 91:5183-5193. Link
  82. Kil, D.Y., F. Ji, L.L. Stewart, R.B. Hinson, A.D. Beaulieu, G.L. Allee, J.F. Patience, J. E. Pettigrew and H. H. Stein. 2013.  Effects of dietary soybean oil on pig growth performance, retention of protein, lipids, and energy and on the net energy content of corn in diets fed to growing or finishing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 91:3283-3290.
  83. Stewart, L.L., D.Y. Kil, F. Ji, R.B. Hinson, A.D. Beaulieu, G.L. Allee, J.F. Patience, J.E. Pettigrew and H.H. Stein. 2013.  Effects of dietary soybean hulls and wheat middlings on body composition, nutrient and energy retention, and the net energy of diets and ingredients fed to growing and finishing pigs.  J. Anim. Sci 91:2756-2765.
  84. Pearce, S.C., N.K. Gabler, J.W. Ross, J. Escobar, J.F. Patience, R.P. Rhoads, and L.H. Baumgard. 2013.  The effects of heat stress and plane of nutrition on metabolism in growing pigs.  2013.  J. Anim. Sci. 91:2108-2118.
  85. Jacobs, B.M., J.F. Patience, M.D. Lindemann, K.J. Stalder and B.J. Kerr. 2013.  The use of a covariate reduces experimental error in nutrient digestion studies in growing pigs.  J. Anim. Sci. 91:804-810.
  86. Harris, A. J., J. F. Patience, S. M. Lonergan, J. C. M. Dekkers and N. K. Gabler. 2012. Improved nutrient digestibility and retention partially explains feed efficiency gains in pigs selected for low residual feed intake. J Anim Sci 90:164-166.
  87. Jones, C.K., N.K. Gabler, R.G. Main and J.F. Patience. 2012. Characterizing growth and carcass differences in pigs with varying weaning weights and post-weaning performance.  J. Anim. Sci. 90:4072-4080; doi.org/10.2527/jas.2011-4793.
  88. Ross, K.A., A.D. Beaulieu, J. Merrill, G. Vessie and J.F. Patience. 2011. The impact of ractopamine hydrochloride on growth and metabolism with special consideration on its role on the environmental impact of pork production. J. Anim. Sci. 89:2243-2256.
  89. Jacobs, B.M., J.F. Patience, W.A. Dozier III, K.J. Stalder and B.J. Kerr. 2011.  Effects of drying methods on nitrogen and energy concentrations in pig feces and urine, and poultry excreta.  J. Anim. Sci. 89:2624-2630.
  90. Kil, D.Y., R.B. Hinson, A.D. Beaulieu, F. Ji, L.L. Stewart, G.L. Allee, J.F. Patience, J.E. Pettigrew and H.H. Stein. 2011. Net energy of soybean oil and choice white grease in diets fed to growing and finishing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 89:448-459.
  91. Juárez, M., M. E. R. Dugan, N. Aldai, J. L. Aalhus, J. F. Patience, R. Zijlstra and A. D. Beaulieu. 2011.  Increasing omega-3 levels through dietary co-extruded flaxseed supplementation negatively affects pork palatability. Food Chem. 126:1716-1723
  92. Beaulieu, A. D., J. Aalhus, N.H. Williams and J. F. Patience. 2010. Impact of piglet birth weight, birth order and litter size on subsequent growth performance, carcass quality, muscle composition and eating quality of pork. J. Anim. Sci. 88:2767-2778. doi.org/10.2527/jas.2009-2222.
  93. Juárez, M., M. E. R. Dugan, N. Aldai, J. L. Aalhus, J. F. Patience, R. Zijlstra and A. D. Beaulieu. 2010.  Feeding co-extruded flaxseed to pigs: Effects of duration and feeding level on growth performance and backfat fatty acid composition of grower-finisher pigs. Meat Sci. 84:578-584.
  94. Beaulieu, A.D., N.H. Williams and J.F. Patience.  2009.  Response to dietary digestible energy concentration in growing pigs fed cereal-grain based diets. J. Anim. Sci. 87:965-976.
  95. Widyaratne, G. P., J.F. Patience and R.T. Zijlstra. 2009.  Effect of xylanase supplementation of diets containing wheat distiller’s dried grains with solubles on energy, amino acid and phosphorus digestibility and growth performance of grower-finisher pigs.  Can. J. Anim. Sci 89:91-95.
  96. Patience, J.F., P. Shand, Z. Pietrasik, J. Merrill, G. Vessie, K.A. Ross and A.D. Beaulieu. 2009. The effect of ractopamine supplementation of swine finishing diets on growth performance, carcass composition and ultimate pork quality. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 89:53-66.
  97. Htoo, J.K., X. Meng, J.F. Patience, M.E.R. Dugan and R.T. Zijlstra. 2008. Effects of co-extrusion of flaxseed and field peas on the digestibility of energy, ether extract, fatty acids, protein, and amino acids in grower-finisher pigs.  J. Anim. Sci. 86:2942-2951.
  98. Nortey, T.N., J.F. Patience, J.S. Sands, N.L. Trottier and R.T. Zijlstra. 2008. Effects of xylanase supplementation on digestibility and digestible content of energy, amino acids, phosphorus, and calcium in wheat by-products from dry milling in grower pigs.  J. Anim. Sci. 86:3450-3464.
  99. Oresanya, T.F., A.D. Beaulieu and J.F. Patience. 2008.  Investigations of energy metabolism in weanling barrows: The interaction of dietary energy concentration and daily feed (energy) intake.  J. Anim. Sci. 86: 348-363.
  100. Beaulieu, A.D., M.R. Bedford and J.F. Patience. 2007.  Supplementing corn or corn-barley diets with an E. coli derived phytase decreases total and soluble P output by weanling and growing pigs.  Can. J. Anim. Sci. 87:353-364.
  101. Nortey, T.N., J.F. Patience, P.H. Simmins, N.L. Trottier and R.T. Zijlstra.  2007.  Effects of individual or combined xylanase and phytase supplementation on energy, amino acid, and phosphorus digestibility and growth performance of grower pigs fed wheat-based diets containing wheat millrun.  J. Anim. Sci. 85:1432-1443.
  102. Nortey, T.N., J.F. Patience, J.S. Sands and R.T. Zijlstra. 2007.  Xylanase supplementation improves energy digestibility of wheat by-products in grower pigs.  Livestock Sci. 109:96-99.
  103. Oresanya, T. F., A. D. Beaulieu, E. Beltranena and J. F. Patience. 2007.  The effect of dietary energy concentration and total lysine/digestible energy ratio on the growth performance of weaned pigs.  Can. J. Anim. Sci. 87:45-55.
  104. Shaw, M.I., A.D. Beaulieu and J.F. Patience. 2006.  Effect of diet composition on water utilization in growing pigs.  J. Anim. Sci. 84:3123-3132.
  105. Oresanya, T. F., A. D. Beaulieu and J. F. Patience. 2006.  The effect of reducing energy intake on the performance of weaned barrows when amino acid intake declines either in direct proportion to energy or at a reduced rate.  Can. J. Anim. Sci. 86:273-277.
  106. Beaulieu, A.D., C.L. Levesque and J.F. Patience. 2006.  The effects of dietary energy concentration and site of weaning on weanling pig performance.  J. Anim. Sci.  84:1159-1168.
  107. Owusu-Asiedu, A., J.F. Patience, B. Laarveld, A.G. van Kessel, P.H. Simmins and R.T. Zijlstra. 2006.  Effects of guar gum and cellulose on digesta passage rate, ileal microbial populations, energy and protein digestibility, and performance of grower pigs.  J. Anim. Sci. 84:843-852.
  108. Nyachoti, C.M., J.F. Patience and I.R. Seddon. 2005.  Effect of water source (ground versus surface) and treatment on nursery pig performance.  Can. J. Anim. Sci. 85:405-407.
  109. Patience, J.F., J.F. Umboh, R.K. Chaplin and C.M. Nyachoti. 2005. Nutritional and physiological responses of growing pigs exposed to a diurnal pattern of heat stress. Livestock Prod. Sci. 96:205-214.
  110. Smith, L.F., S.P. Lemay, J.F. Patience and R.T. Zijlstra. 2004.  Effects of dietary crude protein level and sugar beet pulp inclusion on nitrogen excretion patterns in grower and finisher pigs. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 84:717-720.
  111. Zijlstra, R.T., S. Li, A. Owusu-Asiedu, P.H. Simmins and J.F. Patience. 2004.  Effect of carbohydrase supplementation to wheat-canola meal diets on growth performance and nutrient digestibility in group-house weaned pigs.  Can. J. Anim. Sci. 84:689-695.
  112. Patience, J.F., A.D. Beaulieu and D.A. Gillis. 2004.  The impact of ground water high in sulphates on the growth performance, nutrient utilization, and tissue mineral levels of pigs housed under commercial conditions.  J. Swine Health Prod. 12:228-236.
  113. Smith, L.F., J.F. Patience, H.W. Gonyou, A.D. Beaulieu and R.D. Boyd. 2004.  The impact of feeder adjustment and group size/floor space allowance on the performance of nursery pigs.  J. Swine Health Prod. 12:111-118.
  114. Oresanya, T.F., J.F. Patience, R.T. Zijlstra, A.D. Beaulieu, D.M. Middleton, B.R. Blakely and D.A. Gillis. 2003.  Defining the tolerable level of ergot in the diet of weaned pigs.  Can. J. Anim. Sci. 83:493-500.
  115. Ekpe, E.D., R.T. Zijlstra and J.F. Patience. 2002. Digestible phosphorus requirement of grower pigs. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 82:541-549
  116. Cooper, D.R., J.F. Patience, R.T. Zijlstra and M. Rademacher. 2001.  Effect of nutrient intake in lactation on sow performance: Determining the threonine requirement of the high-producing lactating sow.  J. Anim. Sci. 79:2378-2387.
  117. Cooper, D.R., J.F. Patience, R.T. Zijlstra and M. Rademacher. 2001.  Effect of energy and lysine intake in gestation on sow performance.  J. Anim. Sci. 79:2367-2377.
  118. Patience, J.F., H.W. Gonyou, D.L. Whittington, E. Beltranena, C.S. Rhodes and A. Van Kessel. 2000.  Evaluation of site and age of weaning on piglet growth performance.  J. Anim. Sci. 78:1726-1731.
  119. Tang, M., B. Laarveld, A.G. Van Kessel, D.L. Hamilton, A. Estrada and J.F. Patience. 1999.  Effect of segregated early weaning on postnatal small intestinal development in pigs.   J. Anim. Sci. 77:3191-3200.
  120. Zijlstra, R.T., C.F.M. de Lange and J.F. Patience. 1999.  Nutritional value of wheat samples for growing pigs: Chemical composition and digestible energy content.  Can. J. Anim. Sci. 79:187-194.
  121. Fairbairn, S.L., J.F. Patience, H.L. Classen and R.T. Zijlstra. 1999.  The energy content of barley fed to growing pigs: characterizing the nature of its variability and developing prediction equations for its estimation.  J. Anim. Sci. 77:1502-1512.
  122. de Lange, C.F.M., V.M. Gabert, D. Gillis and J.F. Patience. 1998.  Digestible energy contents and apparent ileal amino acid digestibilities in regular and partial mechanically dehulled canola meal samples fed to growing pigs.  Can. J. Anim. Sci. 78:641-648.
  123. Gonyou, H.W.G., E. Beltranena, D.L. Whittington and J.F. Patience. 1998.  The effects of early weaning on the behaviour of pigs from weaning to market.  Can. J. Anim. Sci.:78:517-523.
  124. Maenz, D.D. and J.F. Patience. 1997.  Presteady-state and steady-state function of the ileal brush border S04-2-0H exchanger. Biochem. Cell Biol. 75:229-236.
  125. Patience, J.F. and R.K. Chaplin. 1997.  The relationship between dietary undetermined anion, acid-base balance and nutrient metabolism in swine.  J. Anim. Sci. 75:2445-2452.
  126. Shand, P.J., J.A. Boles, J.F. Patience, A.R. McCurdy and A.L. Schaefer. 1995.  Acid/base status of stress susceptible pigs affects cured ham quality.  J. Food Sci. 60:996-1000.
  127. Zhang, Y., E.M. Barber, J.F. Patience and J.J.R. Feddes. 1995.  Identification of oils to be sprinkled in livestock buildings to reduce dust.  Trans. Amer. Soc. Heating Refrig. Air Cond. Eng. (ASHRAE). 101(2):1179-1191.
  128. Maenz, D.D., J.F. Patience and M.S. Wolynetz. 1994.  The influence of the mineral level in drinking water and the thermal environment on the performance and intestinal fluid flux of newly-weaned pigs.  J. Anim. Sci. 72:300-308.
  129. Boles, J.A., J.F. Patience, A.L. Schaefer and J.L. Aalhus. 1994.  Effect of oral loading of acid or base on the incidence of pale, soft exudative pork (PSE) in stress susceptible pigs.  Meat Sci. 37:181-194.
  130. Boles, J.A., P.J. Shand, J.F. Patience, A.R. McCurdy and A.L. Schaefer. 1993.  Acid/base status of stress susceptible pigs affects sensory quality of loin roasts.  J. Food Sci. 58:1254-1257.
  131. Maenz, D.D., J.F. Patience and M.S. Wolynetz. 1993.  Effect of water sweetener on the performance of newly weaned pigs offered medicated and unmedicated feed.  Can. J. Anim. Sci. 73:669-672.
  132. Olkowski, A.A., B. Laarveld, J.F. Patience, S. Francis, and D.A. Christensen. 1993.  The effect of sulphate on thiamin-destroying activity in rumen content cultures in vitro.  Internat. J. Vit. Nutr. Res. 63:38-44.
  133. Maenz, D.D. and J.F. Patience. 1992.  Na+-independent transport of L-threonine in pig jejunal brush border membrane vesicles:  Functional characterization of the unique neutral brush border (NBB) system.  J. Biol. Chem. 267:22079-22086.
  134. Patience, J.F., M.R. Bedford, M.R., H.L. Classen and J. Inborr. 1992.  The effect of dietary enzyme supplementation of rye- and barley-based diets on digestion and subsequent performance in pigs.  Can. J. Anim. Sci. 72:97-105.
  135. Ahn, D.U., J.F. Patience, A. Fortin and A. McCurdy. 1992.  The influence of pre-slaughter oral loading of acid or base on postmortem changes in longissimus dorsi muscle of pork.  Meat Sci. 32:65-79.
  136. McLeese, J.M., M.L. Tremblay, J.F. Patience and G.I. Christison. 1992.  Water intake patterns in the weanling pig:  effect of water quality, antibiotics and probiotics.  Anim. Prod. 54:135-142.
  137. McLeese, J.M., J.F. Patience, M.S. Wolynetz and G.I. Christison. 1991.  Evaluation of ground water supplies used on Saskatchewan swine farms.  Can. J. Anim. Sci. 71:191-203.
  138. Patience, J.F. and M.S. Wolynetz. 1990.  Influence of dietary undetermined anion on acid-base status and performance in pigs.  J. Nutr. 120:579-587.
  139. Patience, J.F., R.E. Austic, N.E. Forsberg and E. Esteve-Garcia. 1990.  Metabolism of lysine in isolated renal cortical tubules subjected to variations in extracelluar pH, bicarbonate and CO2.  Nutr. Res. 10:807-817.
  140. Patience, J.F. and E.R. Farnworth. 1989.  Preparation of neonatal pig carcass homogenates:  influence of autoclaving on proximate and lipid analysis.  Can. J. Anim. Sci. 69:341-346.
  141. Patience, J.F., R.E. Austic and R.D. Boyd. 1987.  Effect of dietary electrolyte balance on growth and acid-base status in swine.  J. Anim. Sci. 64:457-466.
  142. Patience, J.F., M.S. Wolynetz,, D.W. Friend and K.E. Hartin. 1987.  A comparison of two urine collection methods for female swine.  Can. J. Anim. Sci. 67:859-863.
  143. Patience, J.F., R.E. Austic and R.D. Boyd. 1987.  Effect of dietary supplements of sodium or potassium bicarbonate on short term macromineral balance in swine.  J. Anim. Sci. 64:1079-1085.
  144. Patience, J.F., R.E. Austic and R.D. Boyd. 1986.  The effect of sodium bicarbonate or potassium bicarbonate on acid-base status and protein and energy digestibility in swine.  Nutr. Res. 6:263-273.
  145. Patience, J.F., L.G. Young and I. McMillan. 1977.  Utilization of wheat shorts in swine diets.  J. Anim. Sci. 45:1294-1301.
  146. Patience, J.F., L.G. Young, E.T. Moran, Jr. and I. McMillan. 1977.  Limiting amino acids in heat shorts fed to swine.  J. Anim. Sci. 45:1302-1308.